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NPCI's Initiative to Enhance Competition in UPI Landscape Amid PhonePe and Google Pay Dominance

In response to the growing dominance of PhonePe and Google Pay in the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) ecosystem, the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is proactively taking steps to address concerns raised by lawmakers and industry stakeholders. NPCI executives are scheduled to meet with various fintech startups to devise strategies aimed at increasing UPI transactions on their platforms.

Recent data reveals that PhonePe and Google Pay collectively hold a substantial 86% share of UPI transactions by volume, raising alarms about the emerging duopoly in the digital payments sector. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has expressed discontent over this trend, leading to discussions on supporting the growth of domestic fintech players as viable alternatives to the dominant market leaders.

Key players such as CRED, Flipkart, Fampay, and Amazon are among the companies slated to engage with NPCI as part of efforts to cultivate a more diverse and competitive UPI ecosystem. Paytm, the third-largest UPI player, witnessed a decline in market share to 9.1% by March 31, following regulatory interventions by the RBI.

While NPCI has been striving to cap the market share of individual UPI service providers at 30%, technical obstacles have impeded the enforcement of this directive. Consequently, NPCI is exploring incentive-driven strategies to level the playing field for emerging UPI players.

The central bank is contemplating initiatives to incentivize fintech companies to offer rewards to users for conducting UPI transactions on their platforms. These endeavors signify a concerted push to nurture a varied and competitive UPI ecosystem, ensuring equitable opportunities for all participants and fostering innovation in India's digital payments sphere.

Through engagement with fintech startups and the exploration of incentive-based approaches, NPCI aims to cultivate a more equitable and dynamic UPI ecosystem. This approach not only addresses concerns regarding market concentration but also stimulates innovation and expands the array of digital payment options available to users.

NPCI's and RBI's joint efforts underscore the significance of upholding a healthy competitive landscape in the swiftly evolving digital payments realm. By bolstering the growth of domestic fintech entities and advocating for a diverse range of UPI service providers, India's digital payments sector can continue to flourish, benefiting consumers and businesses alike.

nt data reveals that PhonePe and Google Pay collectively hold a substantial 86% share of UPI transactions by volume, raising alarms about the emerging duopoly in the digital payments sector
nt data reveals that PhonePe and Google Pay collectively hold a substantial 86% share of UPI transactions by volume, raising alarms about the emerging duopoly in the digital payments sector
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